Ubuntu was initially a terminal-based operating system, but over time Linux slowly introduced the GUI in its operating system. Nowadays, GUI methods are the only way to solve many operating system problems. Well, we are here to teach you some cool methods that can help you shut down your system in Ubuntu like a pro!
Ubuntu, like all other operating systems, offers several ways to shut down, and these include such simple methods as clicking a button and also giving commands to the system via a terminal.
Shutdown Ubuntu using System menu
If you are using an Ubuntu Desktop, then it’s easy to shut down or poweroff the system. Ubuntu’s system menu provides the option of a power-off button in a drop-down menu, in the top right corner of the desktop. By clicking the power button, a dialogue box with 3 options will appear.
- Power off
You will be able to make a choice in 60 seconds after 60 seconds system will shut down automatically.
Shutdown Ubuntu by using the Terminal
The following instructions will use the command line, so you can use them on Ubuntu server- and desktop systems and headless installations like cloud servers. On the desktop, Terminal can be opened by simply pressing Alt + Ctrl +T keys on the keyboard or by a right-click on the desktop and click open terminal. For servers and headless systems, you probably use an SSH client to get a terminal connection. Several commands are used for shutting down the system.
Power off and poweroff command
sudo power off
This command immediately shuts down the system.
This command asks for a password and then shut down the system.
Shutdown -h now
This command will immediately shut down the system.
shutdown -h now
Schedule Ubuntu Shutdown
But if you want to shut down the system after a certain time you can specify time instead of ‘now’. It will shut down the system after the specified time. For this type command:
shutdown -h (time in minutes)
This command will shut down the system after 1 minute.
To cancel this shutdown command, type command:
An alternate command for shutting down the system after a specified time is:
This will shut down the system after 30 minutes.
You can also leave a comment with shut down command. Type command
shutdown +30 "you have a meeting right now"
Shutdown Ubuntu at a Specified Time
If you want to shut down at a specified time like 8:03 pm type command:
shutdown –h 20:3
Get a list of shutdown parameters
To get a list of all the parameters that can be used with shutdown command along with their uses type command:
The shutdown command can do a lot with the following parameters.
Get a list of all Power Off command parameters
The poweroff command can also be used with different parameters. To get a list of all the parameters that can be used with poweroff command along with their uses type command:
So you got to know that there are so many ways to shut down and power off your machine in Ubuntu. The basic commands of shutdown and poweroff with different parameters can perform a variety of functions to halt a session. You can now use any of the above-mentioned ways to power off your machine.