LAMP or LAMP stack is a very useful open-source development platform designed for Linux. It is called LAMP as it uses Linux as an OS, Apache as the webserver, MySQL as Relational DBMS and PHP as the scripting language. Installing LAMP on Ubuntu is fairly simple. This article describes a very convenient way to install and configure LAMP on your Ubuntu system.
The commands and procedures described in this article have been run on a Ubuntu 18.04 LTS system.
Let us follow these steps in order to easily install LAMP on our system:
Step 1: Install the tasksel package
In this tutorial, we are installing LAMP on our systems through the tasksel utility. Therefore, it is important to verify if tasksel is installed on your system or not. Run the following command as root in your Ubuntu Terminal in order to install tasksel:
$ sudo apt install tasksel
Enter Y in order to continue installation.
Step 2: Install LAMP using tasksel
Use the following command in order to install the LAMP server as sudo through tasksel:
$ sudo tasksel install lamp-server
You LAMP package will be installed in the following manner:
Step 3: Verify LAMP Installation
You can verify if your LAMP installation is working properly or not by creating a sample PHP page.
Let us create a PHP information page by entering the following command in our Terminal:
$ sudo bash -c "echo -e '<?php\nphpinfo();\n?>' > /var/www/html/phpinformation.php"
You can access this page on your localhost by entering the following link in your browser:
The following page verifies that LAMP has been properly installed on your system.
Configure LAMP (Linux Apache MySQL and PHP)
After installing LAMP, it is a good idea to configure it according to your needs.
If you wish to use your LAMP server in production, it is best to secure your MySQL installation. To do so, run the following command:
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation
You can then workaround with the output to secure root password and other security configurations.
To configure your firewall, run the following command as sudo:
$ sudo ufw allow in "Apache Full"
This configuration will allow incoming traffic on two ports, TCP 80 and TCP 443.
Install PHP Modules
You can customize PHP modules to be used with LAMP other than the ones that already come with the LAMP install. First, let us grab a list of the modules you can choose through the following command:
$ apt-cache search ^php- | grep module
You can then install any of these modules through the following command:
$ sudo apt install [module-name]
$ sudo apt install php7.2-zip
Through this article, you have learned how to install and configure LAMP on your Ubuntu system. That included installing LAMP through tasksel and then verifying the installation by creating a sample .php file. Moreover, you can also configure LAMP to make it more secure and usable through the steps described above.