New Linux users are often faced with the problems due to accidental changes in their system that eventually results in unstable system performance. But what about resetting the entire operating system to its factory default settings without re-installing it using Live CD/DVD image. That means to return your system back to the original state when it was installed in the first time.
In Ubuntu based distributions, there is a way to do this. Resetter is an open source application that is used to reset Ubuntu to factory defaults. It detects all the applications that are installed in the system after a fresh install and removes them. Not only applications but it also removes users and their Home directories. However, if you want to prevent some applications and users from deletion, you can do that by using custom settings. The good thing about the Resetter application is that it only deletes applications and users, not the data. The reset process consists of the following processes.
- Loading installed packages
- Removing installed packages
- Cleaning up
- Installing any missing packages
- Removing old kernels
- Deleting users
In this brief guide, we are going to look at how to reset Ubuntu operating system to its factory default settings by using the Resetter application. Resetter offers two methods to reset the OS to its default factory settings i.e. using Custom Reset and Automatic Reset. Here I will describe the custom reset method. However, we will see a little about what is automatic reset and how to use automatic reset method to reset the system.
I will use Ubuntu 18.04 LTS for describing the method mentioned in this article.
Download Resetter Ubuntu Package
After the download is completed, the next step is to install it. The downloaded setup is in .deb format. There are two ways to install it. The first is to simply double click the setup and install it. The second way is to install it using dpkg command. I will use the second way.
Press Ctrl+Alt+T to launch the Terminal application in Ubuntu. Then run the following command in Terminal to install it.
$ sudo dpkg -i resetter_3.0.0-stable_all.deb
Then run the following command:
$ sudo apt-get -f install
After the installation is completed, type following command in the Terminal to launch the Resetter application.
$ sudo resetter
Here is default interface of Resetter looks like:
Reset Ubuntu using Resetter
As discussed earlier, you can reset your Ubuntu OS using two options:
- Custom Reset
- Automatic Reset
Reset using Custom Reset option
Custom reset allows you to decide on which applications to remove for reset and which to keep. You can also decide to keep your existing user or to create a new one. While resetting, you can choose which user to delete, and to delete only user or delete both user and its home directories. You also have the option to remove old kernels.
To start with custom reset, click on Custom Reset option in the Resetter window. It will list all packages that you can select to remove. You can also choose to remove kernels by selecting the checkbox below. Select any package that you want to remove and click on Next button.
While configuring for custom reset, it lists some packages that are missing from your system and gives you the option to install them. Select packages that you want to install and click on Next.
In custom reset, it gives you the option to keep your existing users with their Home directory or to delete them. You can choose to select one or all users from the list. When the checkbox under Delete User and Home column is checked, it will remove the user with its Home directory. Now if you want to remove the user, select it and then click Next.
When you are done with all the configurations, click on Finish to apply the changes.
Then it will ask you if you want to create a new user account. Click on Yes to create a new account, otherwise, click No.
Here I am creating a new user account.
Set your username and password for the new account and click OK.
Now it will start the reset process.
In the Terminal, you can also view the ongoing reset process.
When finished, click on Yes to reboot the system.
Reset using Automatic Reset
Use automatic reset option to reset the Ubuntu OS completely to its default factory settings. It detects and removes all applications from the system which are installed or added after the fresh installation like Applications and the users with their home directory. However, it creates a new user during reset. Usually, it is not a recommended method for reset unless you want to reinstall the system from the very start.
To start with automatic reset, follow the below steps:
1. Click on Automatic Reset option in the Resetter window. It will reset the system to its default settings and delete user accounts with their home directories. Click on Yes to continue.
2. Then it will list all the packages that it will be going to remove. If you want to keep some packages, uncheck them. Then click on Ok to continue.
3. It will start the reset process and creates a default user and will provide you with credentials. You will use these credentials to log in into your system next time.
4. When finished, reboot your system.
So this was all about the installation and usage of Resetter in order to reset your Ubuntu OS to its factory default settings using custom reset method. We have also discussed a little about Automatic reset method. You can easily use this method for reset however, it is not much recommended as it wipes out everything from the system.